Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people from the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South pidzame Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and can also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown prime about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly currently seek advice from Gals's blend daywear, specifically in the US wherever they grew to become common from the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.